Categories:
Revolutions and rotations
Authored by: Monica  

In a way, yes, I am talking about the revolutions and rotations that Earth sees but not as a scientific phenomenon. Instead, I was wondering about the major revolutions that time has put mankind through. Every now and then, there is some revolution that happens in some part of the world and it leaves a humungous impact on the progress of civilization. Sometimes, the world comes to know of this revolution and sometimes it kind of stays within “local confines”. For instance, the digital revolution of recent times has rippled through the globe and touched life across almost all aspects. But perhaps not many people know of something called the Sepoy Mutiny that happened in India in the year 1857.

 

Image – https://pixabay.com/photo-681847/

 

So, do revolutions happen with some kind of regularity or periodicity? Perhaps not. Do they leave a distinct and significant impact on human civilization? Maybe not all of them. Do they get talked about even decades or centuries after the event? Yes, they do. Because if nothing else, time is a vade mecum; albeit not a book; that we all carry around and refer to when we talk about how certain events by way of revolutions have changed the world as we know it today. Let us start at the very beginning, because that is where most great things originate from.

Image – https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/19/Battle_of_Olustee.jpg

 

Way back in 2740 BC and 2380 BC there was the Seth Revolution and the Sumerian or Lagash rebellion but closer to our modern history, perhaps the most important revolution took place in 1776 when the American Civil War was conducted to stave off British rule. It resulted in the establishment of the early versions of American government and eventually led to the ratification of the Constitution of the United States as well. Somewhere during the same time was the Taiping Rebellion. While not many people know of the latter, it saw upwards of 20 million people giving up their life. One of the biggest results of this Taiping Rebellion was the establishment of China as we know it today.

Image – https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b8/Taiping_break_out_of_the_Qing_encirclement_at_Fucheng.jpg

 

If social unrest is one of the reasons that revolutions take place then no list of significant revolutions is complete without mentioning the French Revolution. Within a short span of 3 years this event that began in the year 1789, brought down the absolute monarchy that had governed France the several centuries. After this revolution, there was a huge sea change in terms of the social and political fabric of the country and indeed of Europe itself. In almost the same vein of social unrest is the Russian Revolution that took place in the year 1917. 2 huge fallouts of this event were the Russian Civil War and the establishment of erstwhile Soviet Union in the year 1922.

 

Image - https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8e/DH_1850.jpg

Image – https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8e/DH_1850.jpg

 

 

It is not just society that has gone through various kinds of revolutions. There is also the Industrial Revolution that transformed not just the industry of countries such as Britain and France but also helped them establish political dominance during the years 1760 to 1820. Quite a few of the industrial machines that we know today can hark back to inventions such as the flying shuttle, spinning jenny and even the steam engine. Occupy Wall Street began in 2011 and was an example of how Americans fought against perceived greed from the corporate sector.

Image - https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/43/Day_60_Occupy_Wall_Street_November_15_2011_Shankbone_18.JPG

Image – https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/43/Day_60_Occupy_Wall_Street_November_15_2011_Shankbone_18.JPG

 

Of course there are plenty more and this list can easily run into the hundreds when we are talking about important revolutions. The Crusades, the Reformation Movement of Germany and even the 1453 occupation of Constantinople by the Turks – all of them have set off changes in the world at large. Modern times have also gone through revolutions such as the 2001 EDSA revolution which saw the ousting of President Joseph Estrada of the Philippines and even the Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989. From acts of horrific violence and fear, and a deep commitment to change, there has sprung forth a better future for quite a few people and changes in the times that mankind goes through.

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